EPA: Hybrids and EVs helped offset extra polluting vans and SUVs


Elevated manufacturing of hybrids and EVs has helped offset the shift towards bigger automobiles within the new-car market, in response to a complete annual replace from the EPA.

The 2023 EPA Automotive Developments Report, launched final week, confirmed that automakers considerably ramped up hybrid and EV gross sales from mannequin years 2017 to 2022. Throughout that point, common gas financial system for producers’ fleets additionally elevated from 24.9 mpg for the 2017 mannequin yr to 26.0 mpg for 2022, in response to the report, though carbon dioxide emissions elevated from 337 grams per mile for 2017 to 357 g/mi for 2022.

The 2022 mannequin yr additionally noticed hybrids attain an all-time excessive of 10% of new-vehicle manufacturing, the report stated, though gentle hybrids represented 41% of that complete. And the auto business’s shift towards less-efficient SUVs and pickup vans as a better a part of the new-vehicle combine has been constant all through.

Changes in real-world fuel economy and emissions for model years 2017 to 2022 (via EPA)

Modifications in real-world gas financial system and emissions for mannequin years 2017 to 2022 (by way of EPA)


A number of automakers noticed a rise in fleet emissions in the course of the 2017 to 2022-model-year interval, with Mazda seeing the most important enhance at 22 g/mi. That was as a result of a shift from 29% to 85% SUV manufacturing, in response to the report, together with elevated emissions from remaining sedan and hatchback fashions.

Basic Motors had the second-largest enhance in emissions at 17 g/mi, adopted by Honda at 7 g/mi. Tesla, in the meantime, reported web detrimental emissions by claiming “air con and off-cycle credit” on high of its all-electric car lineup.

The Biden administration is presently within the technique of drafting new emissions guidelines for mannequin years 2027 to 2032 (present emissions guidelines cowl the interval via the 2026 mannequin yr). EVs will not be mandated beneath the proposed new guidelines, however they undoubtedly assist as necessities tighten and credit score choices dwindle. The EPA has stated the brand new guidelines might result in 67% EV gross sales by the 2032 mannequin yr.

2022 Mazda CX-9

2022 Mazda CX-9

Most automakers have backed these tighter EPA guidelines, though GM has stated it may have points complying with the targets. That is regardless of GM’s beforehand expressed “aspiration” to make its passenger-vehicle fleet all-electric by 2035.

If the brand new emissions guidelines are enacted—or if automakers like GM observe via with guarantees for vastly better EV manufacturing—one subsequent step would possibly probably be incentivizing extra environment friendly EVs. If most new automobiles are electrical, emphasizing effectivity will nonetheless be necessary for maintaining the general carbon footprint of the car fleet low. However till the present pattern towards gasoline SUVs and vans ebbs, that can be a secondary concern.


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